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Volume 42 Number 5
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Volume 42 Number 1
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click here for a detailed editorial guide to publishing with ScienceAsia. Last updated: March 17, 2016

Download the template for doc files from here.

Manuscripts submitted to ScienceAsia must conform to the guidelines of the journal. The manuscripts must be written in English, and should be divided into

(1) Title page - the title page contains title of the article, names of all authors, and indexing term. Title should be short, descriptive, and should not contain any abbreviations or subtitles. List the names of all authors (preferred given names, initial(s), and surnames), affiliations, complete addresses, and email address of the corresponding author. Please also provide 3-5 indexing terms not already mentioned in the title.

(2) Abstract - The abstract should be a concise summary of the manuscript of not more than 250 words. It should include a brief description of the methods, main results, and conclusions, and emphasize what is novel in the work. It should preferably not contain any citations. However, if a citation is essential, the details of the reference must be given as follows [authors, journal abbreviation, volume, page]. A well-written abstract will help potential referees to decide whether or not to review the manuscript based only on viewing the title and abstract.

(3) Introduction - give short review of literature with general background of the subject, current stage and remaining gap of knowledge, reason for carrying out the study and its relationship to reported works in the area, aim of the present study, etc.

(4) Materials and Methods - provide brief but sufficient information for others to be able to reproduce the experiments. Describe in detail any truly new methods/procedures, but cite in references if the procedures are already published. If the previously published procedures are modified, describe how you modified them and cite the references of the original published procedures.

(5) Results - presented results in text, figures, tables and graphs. Avoid redundant presentation in the text of the data already shown in tables or figures, nor use both figure and table to show the same data. Subheadings may help keep results of the same type together.

(6) Discussion - should be concise and not verbose. Discussion should contain interpretation of results presented in the manuscript, and discussion of the results agrees or disagrees with other published works.

(7) Acknowledgements - this part is for acknowledgement of individuals who helped the work, financial support, and institution, etc.

(8) References - should be indicated in the text by superior numerals in consecutive order. When references are mentioned by authors’ names in the text, they should still be designated by superior numerals. Proper citation is important, authors should cite proper and up-to-date references.

A reference to ScienceAsia article should begin with the author's surname followed by forename or initials (more than eight authors, use et al), year in full (in bracket), the title of the article, journal name (italic and abbreviated, see http://journalseek.net or http://www.library.ubc.ca/scieng/coden.html#A for Science and Engineering Journal Abbreviations), followed by volume number (bold) and page numbers. The styles of references for the journal and book are shown below:

       Fucharoen S, Winichagoon P, Siritanaratkul N, Chowthaworn J, Pootrakul P (1998) Alpha and beta thalassemia in Thailand. Ann NY Acad Sci 850, 412-4.

  Farrell HM (1980) Physical equilibria: proteins. In: Webb BH, Johnson HM, Alford JA (eds) Fundamentals of Dairy Chemistry, 2nd edn, AVI Publishing Company, Westport, Connecticut, pp 442-73.

       Lawson LJM (1969) The multiplicative semigroup of a ring. PhD thesis, Univ of Tennessee.

(9) Tables and figures - Each table must be prepared on a separate page (type double-space), with a short descriptive title and sufficient details in the legend immediately following the title. Symbols and abbreviations should be defined in the legend. Footnotes must be used to define a, b, c, in the Table. Figures must be submitted in a suitable form for high quality reproduction (see below). Use (a), (b), (c), etc to label sub-figures. Lettering in the figures should be clear with adequate size to be legible after reduction. Half-tone illustrations could be accepted, provided that they have sufficient contrast. A scale should appear on photomicrographs. Colour plates are welcome if colour is necessary for contribution to the understanding of the information, but the authors will have to pay the charge for colour plates (contact editor@scienceasia.org for rate to print colour figures). Figure legends should be typed double spaced at the end of the text, not on the figures. Figures should be checked extremely carefully, particularly after revisions. No changes to figures will be allowed after the manuscript is accepted.

(10) Ethical Use of Animals - Manuscript reporting studies that involve use of animals MUST be accompanied by a statement from Institutional Animal Use and Care Committee, or similar body approving that animals received humane care according to the guidelines specified by the institution.

Manuscripts can be prepared as LaTeX (.tex), OpenDocument (.odt), or MSWord (.doc) files. They must be submitted via the online submission system as .tex or PDF files. The PDF files should include all figures and tables. If the PDF file is larger than 2MB, please try to reduce the size by decreasing the resolution of the included figures. We only require high resolution figures if your article is accepted. Manuscripts with a heavy mathematical content will only be accepted as LaTeX files. LaTeX users must use the ScienceAsia class file (and, if they wish, the BibTeX style file) which can be downloaded from here. For the convenience of the referees, figures and tables may be included at the appropriate places within the text, provided the size of the resulting file is not excessive.

Preparing manuscripts using OpenDocument or MSWord formats
(1) Use one-and-a-half spacing.

(2) Use any reasonable font size.

(3) To create section and subsection headings, use the pulldown menu to select heading type, instead of selecting bold font yourself.

(4) Add line numbers to the manuscript from start to finish (continuous format - do not reset the numbers on each page). [How to add line numbers in Microsoft Office 2003 or 2007]

(5) Try to avoid using MathType for displayed equations in your document unless it is absolutely necessary. Do not use MathType for mathematical expressions inside the text. [If you think that you need to use MathType a lot, then you should be using LaTeX instead of MSWord.]

(6) Include figures and tables at convenient places within the text. If they are high resolution figures, reduce the resolution before including them, so that the file size is not too large.

(7) Export as PDF file. [Click here to download freeware for creating pdf file]
Preparing manuscripts using LaTeX
Click here for detailed guide on preparing manuscripts using LaTeX.
To prepare a manuscript using LaTeX, you will need to carry out the following steps:

(1) Click here to download the latest version of the zip file which contains the ScienceAsia class file (scias.cls), the ScienceAsia BibTeX class file (scias.bst), other style (.sty) files which are needed, and the template file (scias_template.tex).

(2) Unpack the zip file. Put the contents of the zip file in the same directory (folder) as your manuscript .tex file (or somewhere else where LaTeX can find it).

(3) Copy the file scias_template.tex to a name of your choice, for example, ms.tex and open it with your favourite editor.

(4) You will see that the first line says
The next few lines are just comments (remember that anything on the same line following a % is a comment)

(5) Place your title inside \title{}

(6) Find the line that starts with \author{}
and put the name of the first author inside the curly brackets.
For example, \author{Frederick R. Bloggs}

Do the same for each additional author. For example, if the second author is Joe Soap, add \author{Joseph Q. Soap} below.

(7) If there is more than one author, you will need to specify who the corresponding author is. To do this, insert [*] before the curly brackets enclosing the author name. For example, if Joe Soap is the corresponding author, then you will need to have \author[*]{Joseph Q. Soap}

(8) Use \address{} to specify the address. For example, \address{Mathematics Department, Camford University, Camford, CM7 6TY, UK}

(9) If there is more than one address, give additional address commands. For each you will need to indicate which author is associated with which address by adding [a], [b], etc. before the curly brackets for both author and address. For example, if Fred Bloggs is from Camford and Joe Soap is from CalSci, you would need
\author[a]{Frederick R. Bloggs} \author[b,*]{Joseph Q. Soap}
\address[a]{Mathematics Department, Camford University, Camford, CM7 8QT, UK}
\address[b]{Mathematics Department, California School of Science and Technology, Oxnard, California 93030, USA}

(10) Use \ead{} to give the email address of the corresponding author.

(11) Place your abstract inside \abstract{ }

Note that you do not need to write the word ABSTRACT: - this is generated automatically.

(12) Place a list of keywords separated by commas inside \keywords{ }

(13) You should now run latex on the file to see it has worked so far. The output should show the 'frontmatter' part of the paper.

(14) Put the rest of your manuscript after \section{Introduction} in the usual way.

(15) The line numbers are added automatically, but normally you will you need to run latex more than once before they look OK.

Note 1: The manuscript created this way will be single-spaced. You do not need to change this.
Note 2: Whenever emailing a .tex file, zip it first - i.e., send it as a .zip or .rar or .gz file. This is to avoid problems with email programs adding a > whenever a 'From' appears at the start of a line.

Abbreviations, symbols, chemical and biochemical nomenclature, etc., should be used appropriately. Avoid abbreviations which are not in common use across the field. Abbreviations used should be defined in the text on first usage and listed as a footnote on the title page. Do not introduce abbreviations unless they are used at least 4 times. Please make sure that the manuscript conforms to the journal style before submission as this will expedite the reviewing process. All Figures (graphs and maps) should be supplied as EPS (encapsulated postscript) files which can be generated directly from the graph or map drawing program used. Do not try to convert any other file to an EPS file. It is highly recommended that the authors upload the manuscript as small separated files, i.e. main body of the manuscript (in Word with line number, not PDF file), Figures (EPS files) and Tables, in order to avoid file transfer time-out problem due to slow Internet speed.    

When submitting the manuscript, please send EPS files of any figures that involve graphs or maps but no images.

To produce graphics files in EPS format you will need to use a graph or diagram drawing program that is capable of giving (non-binary format) EPS files as the output (e.g. IGOR Pro, Origin, Matlab, Mathematica, Maple, gnuplot, Corel Draw, Adobe Illustrator, Inkscape, Xfig).  Do not use Photoshop to produce EPS or PDF files as they will not be in vector format so we cannot use them. Alternatively, if you are using other Windows programs such as excel or powerpoint, you can print the graph or diagram with the option "print to file" using a postscript printer driver. One example of a postscript printer driver that can be used is Apple LaserWriter. The file created this way may have the extension .prn but the extension can be changed to .ps or .eps manually.

These are the only ways to obtain true EPS files.  Do not try to convert your existing graphics files to EPS format as this will give EPS files in a binary format which we will not be able to use to produce publication quality figures.

A simple way to check if an EPS file is suitable is by viewing with the program ghostview (it is a free program). If the letters, numbers, and lines remain smooth however much you zoom, this is what we want. Another quick test is to open the EPS file using a text editor. The file should mostly be composed of ordinary 'ASCII' text. Also, true EPS files are quite a compact format. If they do not contain images, it is unusual for them to be more than 100 Kbytes. If your EPS file is more than this but contains simple graphics, it is definitely the wrong type.

Once you have produced the EPS files, do not incorporate them in a doc file. Just send them separately (with suitable names like fig1.eps or fig5b.eps) in a .zip, .rar, .tar.gz, or .tgz file. Please don't use spaces or brackets in file names.

If you are unable to produce EPS files where requested, PDF files might be acceptable instead. Again, these PDF files should only be obtained directly from the graph/figure drawing program and not by converting from another format.

The figure files should not contain the name of the figure (the figure number) or the caption. We should be able to identify the figure from the name of the file. Photos should not have the name of the photographer or image source. If the photographer is not one of the authors, or the image is from another publication, this information can be given in the figure caption.

As of 2011, ScienceAsia offers preparation of publication quality figures with modest charges for authors who have difficulties in preparing the appropriate files. Please contact editor@scienceasia.org for more information.

Type of articles

Regular research articles should be limited to 30 typed pages (double-spaced typing throughout), and should contain no more than 8 Figures and/or Tables. Titles, headings, and subheadings should be on separate lines and not underlined or emboldened. SI units of measurement should be used. Manuscripts reporting new compounds should show results on essential spectroscopic characterization and/or elemental analyses. Manuscripts reporting known compounds will only be published if there is interesting new data on their distribution, structure, and/or function. Papers describing biological screening of crude extracts without identification of active principle(s) should not be submitted. When plant constituents have been chemically identified, voucher specimens of the plant used should be deposited in a recognized herbarium and the identification number quoted. Authors may provide supplementary material for reviewing, e.g. extensive experimental data, graphical or spectral data, which cannot be included in the paper due to space limitations.

Short reports have similar subject scope to the regular research article, except that they are relatively short and hence do not merit a full-length regular research paper. Short reports should contain no more than 20 typed pages and have no more than 4 Figures and/or Tables, and are accepted either as short but essentially complete works or as rapid communications. In all cases, authors will be expected to supply high-quality manuscript and expedite any necessary revisions to facilitate rapid publication. Authors must make sure that their manuscript conforms to the correct style of the journal.

A checklist can be downloaded to help prepare the manuscript. Alternatively, the authors can check from a recent issue of the published papers available on-line at the Web site http://www.scienceasia.org.