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Research articles

ScienceAsia 43(2017): 294-301 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2017.43.294

Purification and characterization of an antifungal protein from Bacillus subtilis XL62 isolated in Vietnam

Thi Tuyen Doa,b,*, Thanh Hoang Lea, Thi Thao Nguyena, Sy Le Thanh Nguyena, Thi Mai Anh Daoc

ABSTRACT:     Bacillus subtilis is considered as a potential antagonist for fungal control due to its ability to produce a wide range of antibiotics. This study determines the antifungal activity of the native B. subtilis XL62 and we purify, identify, and characterize the antifungal protein. The results show that the growth inhibitory activity to Fusarium oxysporum and Rhizoctonia solani of the crude supernatant of B. subtilis XL62 was proportional to the concentration. At the highest concentration (50%), the growth inhibition reached 90% and 100% for F. oxysporum, and R. solani, respectively. Furthermore, the crude supernatant of B. subtilis XL62 also inhibited the germination and growth of R. solani. The growth of sclerotia was almost completely inhibited at the concentration of 20% and the ability to germinate was lost at the concentration of 50%. Antifungal proteins were isolated from the crude bacterial supernatant using ammonium sulphate precipitation followed by passage over DEAE-cellulose and Biogel P100 columns. The purified protein had an apparent molecular mass of 22 kDa. Its antifungal activity was retained even at 100 °C, for 60 min and after treatment with proteinase K (0.5–2.5 µg/ml). The results of protein identification using a MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometer suggest that the purified protein is indeed a chitin-binding protein.

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a Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
b Graduate University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
c Department of Biochemistry, Hanoi University of Pharmacy, Hanoi, Vietnam

* Corresponding author, E-mail: dttuyen@ibt.ac.vn

Received 5 Aug 2017, Accepted 26 Nov 2017