ScienceAsia 46S (2020): 91-96 |doi:
Photoluminescence and X-ray photoelectron
spectroscopic study of milled-ZnO material prepared
by high energy ball milling technique
Wanichaya Mekprasarta, Balaji R. Ravurib, Rattikorn Yimnirunc, Wisanu Pecharapaa,*
ABSTRACT: Luminescence properties that are correlated to near band edge emission and defect-related emission of
milled zinc oxide (ZnO) powder prepared by high energy ball milling technique are investigated. Commercial ZnO
powder (particle size of 525 nm) was chosen as starting material in milling process to produce ultrafine ZnO powder.
The milling process was carried out at different speeds; 0, 200, 400 and 600 rpm for 10 min. After milling at high
speed, change in color of milled ZnO powder was clearly observed that could be due to the defects in ZnO structure
induced by mechanical strain during milling process. Surface morphology of milled ZnO powder was monitored by
field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Element component and surface chemical states of the samples
were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Optical property of milled samples was investigated by
diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectrometer. Meanwhile, room-temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy of the milled
samples was performed. The milled ZnO particle size was distinctly decreased to ca. 200 nm affirmed by FESEM images.
Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of milled ZnO sample showed two prominent emission bands; UV and visible region.
Visible emission intensity increased with increasing milling speed that would be attributed to greater structural defects
caused by high mechanical strain during milling process.
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||College of Nanotechnology, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
||Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management, Hyderabad, Telangana 502329 India
||School of Energy Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology, Rayong
* Corresponding author, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 16 Oct 2019, Accepted 20 Mar 2020