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Volume 46S Number 1

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Research articles

ScienceAsia 46S (2020): 85-90 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2020.S012


Effects of mold sealing and fiber volume fraction on properties of rice straw/unsaturated polyester biocomposites


Sakaowduen Preampreea, Thanatorn Thanyapanicha, Anyaporn Boonmahittsudb, Uraiwan Intathaa, Nattaya Tawichaia, Nattakan Soykeabkaewa,*

 
ABSTRACT:     In the past two decades, there has been a huge renewed interest in using natural fibers as reinforcements in composite materials due to growing concerns in the environment and sustainability. Rice straw is one of the agricultural wastes that has a good prospective to be used as a reinforcing agent owing to its abundance in Thailand. In this work, rice straw was used to reinforce with unsaturated polyester (UP) resin and the biocomposites were prepared by using a hot-compression molding technique. With heating involved and monomer loss concerned, firstly, the effect of using two different mold sets; (i) non-sealed mold and (ii) sealed mold during the forming and curing of biocomposites on their structures and mechanical properties was investigated. It was shown that the sealed mold resulted in the higher percentage of gel content or crosslinking degree of the UP matrix as well as an increase in the flexural properties of the biocomposites. This was supposedly due to the ability of the sealed mold to keep the UP system from excessive monomer loss during the heated curing reaction. Secondly, the effect of fiber (rice straw) volume fraction (Vf) on the biocomposite performance was also studied. The results showed that the biocomposites with Vf of 0.3 exhibited the highest strength and modulus values of 29.2 ± 3.3 MPa and 2.3 ± 0.1 GPa, respectively. The SEM photos indicated a relatively good wettability and bonding between rice straw fibers and UP resin in this biocomposite structure.

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a Center of Innovative Materials for Sustainability (iMatS), School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100 Thailand
b Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 Thailand

* Corresponding author, E-mail: nattakan@mfu.ac.th

Received 16 Oct 2019, Accepted 12 Mar 2020