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Research articles

ScienceAsia 46 (2020): 119-127 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2020.017

Co-digestion of modified tapioca starch sludge and shrimp pond sediment as a method to improve system stability and biogas production

Piyavadee Srivichaia, Orathai Chavalparitb,c,*

ABSTRACT:     The objective of this research was to study the anaerobic co-digestion (ACD) process by using two combination types of modified tapioca starch sludge (SS) and shrimp pond sediment (SPS). The response surface method (RSM) was utilized based on the central composite design (CCD) for analysis. Optimum ACD ratios between SS:SPS ratios of 1:0 (pure SS) and 1:1 obtained from the biochemical methane potential (BMP) test were further utilized in a pilot continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) test. The CSTR results showed that the highest biogas yield could be achieved at 422 l/kg total volatile solids added (TVSadded) with a methane (CH4) content of 46.66% using a SS:SPS ratio of 1:1. Compared with the digestion of SS alone, the biogas yield was lower at 293 l/kg TVSadded. The completed digestion time of ACD of SS with SPS was 5 days, and a TVS removal of 51.31% was obtained. SPS could help adjust the appropriate ratio of volatile fatty acid to alkalinity (VFA/ALK) along with increasing the system stability. It can be concluded that the ACD system of SS and SPS is capable of converting waste into renewable energy as well as reducing the environmental effects from ineffective disposal management.

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a Interdisciplinary Program in Environmental Science, Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 Thailand
b Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 Thailand
c Research Program: Sustainable Management of Industrial and Agricultural Wastes for Transitioning to a Circular Economy, Center of Excellence on Hazardous Substance Management (HSM), Bangkok 10330 Thailand

* Corresponding author, E-mail: orathai.c@chula.ac.th

Received 25 Jul 2019, Accepted 15 Feb 2020