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Research articles

ScienceAsia 46 (2020): 195-205 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2020.021


Isolation, optimisation and gasoline biodegradation by lipopeptide-producing Bacillus subtilis SE1


Subuntith Nimrata,*, Somruetai Lookchanb, Traimat Boonthaic, Verapong Vuthiphandchaid

 
ABSTRACT:     Biosurfactant-producing bacteria were isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated soils. The highest surface and emulsification activities were achieved with a strain identified as Bacillus subtilis SE1. Optimal condition for biosurfactant production of B. subtilis SE1 included supplementation of glucose and yeast extract (10 g/l each) in the medium at 30 °C, initial pH 7.0 and no NaCl added, giving biosurfactant yield of 66.00 ± 1.54 mg/l. Biosurfactant produced by B. subtilis SE1 was characterised as lipopeptide and reduced the surface tension from 72.27 ± 0.01 to 25.95 ± 0.06 mN/m with a critical micelle concentration of 4.69 ± 0.11 mg/l. In a biodegradation assay, the experiment was conducted in 3 treatments for 7 days: gasoline-contaminated soil (T1); gasoline-contaminated soil with B. subtilis SE1 bioaugmentation (T2); and gasoline-contaminated soil with addition of B. subtilis SE1 and nutrients (glucose and yeast extract) (T3). The highest viable bacterial count (8.00 ± 0.04 log CFU/g) and percent reduction of total phenolic content (9.73 ± 1.13%) were observed in T3, which were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those of T1 (5.60 ± 0.02 log CFU/g and 3.68 ± 0.83%) and T2 (7.12 ± 0.01 log CFU/g and 5.04 ± 0.30%). These results reveal the potential of biosurfactant-producing B. subtilis SE1 for use in bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated environment in Thailand.

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a Department of Microbiology and Environmental Science Program, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, Chon Buri 20131 Thailand
b Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, Chon Buri 20131 Thailand
c Biological Science Program, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, Chon Buri 20131 Thailand
d Department of Aquatic Science, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, Chon Buri 20131 Thailand

* Corresponding author, E-mail: subunti@buu.ac.th

Received 1 Jul 2019, Accepted 30 Nov 2019