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Volume 49 Number 3

Research articles

ScienceAsia 49 (2023): 529-540 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2023.043

Optimization of phenolic extraction from Syzygium samarangense fruit and its protective properties against glucotoxicity-induced pancreatic β-cell death

Kanchana Suksria,c, Bancha Yingngamb, Nipaporn Muangchanc,*

ABSTRACT:      Long-term exposure to high glucose levels causes glucotoxicity in pancreatic ?-cells associated with diabetes mellitus. The presence of natural antioxidant phenolic compounds, including the compounds from Syzygium samarangense, may help mitigate this metabolic disorder. This study aimed to optimize microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) for maximum phenolic recovery and assess the protective properties of Syzygium samarangense extract (SSE) against pancreatic ?-cell mortality caused by glucotoxicity. We demonstrated that the MAE-based response surface methodology provided higher concentrations of total phenolics than the conventional reflux method (10.21?0.22 mg GAE/g and 6.44?0.13 mg GAE/g, respectively). According to in vitro studies, the percentage of viable rat insulinoma cell lines (INS-1 cells) was significantly lower when cultured in high glucose (HG) medium (40 mM) than in normal glucose medium (11.1 mM). Upon treatment of INS-1 cells with SSE (10, 50, and 100 ?g/ml) in combination with HG, SSE exhibited a protective effect on the cell viability and inhibited cell apoptosis. In addition, SSE reduced intracellular superoxide ion concentrations in a dose-dependent manner. We conclude that the phenolics of SSE could function as antioxidants, thereby protecting pancreatic ?-cells against glucotoxicity-induced apoptosis.

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a Division of Pharmacology and Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Burapha University, Chonburi 20131 Thailand
b Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani 34190 Thailand
c Division of Biopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani 34190 Thailand

* Corresponding author, E-mail: nipaporn.m@ubu.ac.th

Received 5 Jun 2022, Accepted 21 Mar 2023